Our industry is has a bunch of different types of equipment that can be used to heat and cool your home. What’s more is that the field is innovating each and every year. At Paramount Plumbing, Heating & Air Conditioning, we get lots of questions about different types of heating and air conditioning equipment. We often ask a lot of questions to our customers about their equipment and sometimes folks are not sure what kind of unit they have at their home. If you are curious about the terms we use in our business, we invite you to ask one of our pros or brush up on these terms we have provided for your review.
Furnace: A furnace burns fuel, generally natural gas, propane or oil, in order to heat air. That heated air is then pushed through the ductwork in your home. Often a furnace will be combined with an air handler attached to the top of the furnace which also allows for air conditioned air to flow through the same duct work
Boiler: A boiler burns natural gas, propane or oil in order to heat water (or in some cases, convert water to steam). That heated water or steam is then moved through a series of pipes to radiators, baseboards or in-floor heating. The boiler may also provide your hot drinking and bathing water. A separate system would be needed for air conditioning.
Heat pump: A heat pump uses electricity to create heat or AC by extracting warmth from the outside air. In the summer the cycle is reversed and it extracts heat from your home to create AC. This conditioned air is then circulated in the ductwork of your home or it can be used with a ductless system.
Minisplit or ductless system: A minisplit or ductless system uses a heat pump to create heat or AC, however a duct system is not required. This is a great option to add heat or AC in part of a house or an entire house where there is no existing duct work. Often, these units are mounted to a wall or ceiling.
Combination or duel fuel: This system combines a heat pump with a furnace. By using the heat pump when a little heat is needed and the furnace for extreme cold temperatures, the overall efficiency is greatly increased. It also gives the homeowner the option to choose which fuel to use based on current pricing.
Traditional AC system: A traditional air conditioning system uses electricity to create conditioned air by use of a condenser that sits outside. The condenser works with an air handler inside the houses and moves cold air through the ductwork.
High velocity: A high velocity system uses the same technology as traditional AC system, except a traditional duct system is not required.